SU-O1 (Pics. Courtesyby NASA) During the exploration of the universe, NASA scientists have the need to develop new materials and products that enable electronic equipment and humans in space to address environmental challenges and survive in conditions where life as we know it is impossible to reproduce.
Meanwhile, those same inventions are paraphernalia that apply in our day to day, in this case these are the implements of security we enjoyed thanks by teams of scientists from NASA. One of the most dangerous risks in the heroic work of the fire departments face is the lack of oxygen and the strong possibility of asphyxiation once they rescue lives.
When NASA created a breathing system was precisely because it may be dangerous the work of firefighters in the list of occupational hazards but undoubtedly the highest risk has to be astronauts who have to perform mechanical functions in the space where the oxygen is not present and therefore it is impossible to survive without the invisible but precious and precious element.
THE BREATHING SYSTEM originates with the APOLLO PROGRAM that uses the first mask and aluminum composite materials to make the device lighter and easier to install and remove, this structure saves time and weight, thanks THE BREATHING SYSTEM use by Firefighters, have been reduced number of smoke inhalation injury, allowing humans to breathe where oxygen is present in small amounts to survive.
Likewise NASA engineers have helped develop the first RADIO intercom, essential for coordination in the distribution of the hoses and rescuing victims. The short-range RADIO and operates two-way with an electronic circuit originally developed for communications between NASA weather balloons, at the end this RADIO becomes the most important device in modern communications equipment between rescuers, as a feasible element of interactión that allows survival to enter in burning buildings. Currently these RADIOS continue to evolve into its components to guarantee their scope and their materials do not deteriorate in extreme temperatures and keep Firefighters reported in high-risk conditions and extreme temperatures.
Another useful tool for rescuers work is the INVISIBLE FLAME IMAGING a handheld camera to detect invisible hydrogen flames and alcohol, this device was developed at STENNIS SPACE CENTER during rocket testing program, with liquid hydrogen. And now, firefighters can use the INVISIBLE FLAME IMAGING in the process of intervention to find invisible flame within a fire and to avoid the most dangerous places in the process of rescue lives.
Continuing with contributions from NASA about fire safety, are the FIRE ATTIRE. Firemen’s uniforms, they wear inside the station are made of cotton, usually cotton twill pants and cotton shirts because when they go to mitigate the fire, they can placed the outer uniform on top of the cotton clothing that will not melt in
the skin like other fabrics.
The outer uniforms are known as “Bunker gear” and “Turnout gear” they differ, depending on context. The “Bunker” is used in cases without fire rescue, putting pants, boots and jacket, and in the case of fire use the “Turnout “which is the complete combination of all elements. The protective clothing for firefighters is configured from a material known as the “PBI Gold” a fabric which is a special textile product called “Polybenzimidazole” woven into the fabric with Kevlar.
PBI fabric is unique because it is completely fireproof impossible to burn or melt, even if you pour petrol on it and set fire. This
outfit anti-fire is lightweight, with heat-resistant features.
These extraordinary materials were originally developed for space suits for astronauts in the NASA space program “Apollo” those suits has been evolved in each one of the missions to protect astronauts from solar radiation during their trips to the moon. SAFETY COATING, is a flame resistant enamel coating on oxygen tanks.
Also known as the Scott Air-Pak, the firefighters loaded oxygen tanks are used during rescue missions and vary in size and capacity from 10-14 lbs those with 30 minutes of air are made of carbon fiber. The 60 minutes of air can weigh up to 17 pounds and from that capacity tanks aremade of aluminum and the largest reaches 22 lbs, all are protected with the same SAFETY COATING enamel fireproof covering NASA’s spacecraft.
The SAFETYCOATING enamel ANTIINFLAMABE is apply in all oxygen tanks and in the hulls of ships as a coating against fire to prevent the spread of the flames, The same material has been applied as a tape to wrap and insulate fuel lines from fire. Another outstanding product and results of investigations of NASA scientists is the PROTECTIVE JACKETING-INSULATION, a composite structure to inhibit corrosion of the pipelines in the oxygen tanks of Fight fires, this PROTECTIVE JACKETING-INSULATION is the same ceramic cloth, used on the tiles that make up the space shuttle’s outer skin in all space-vehicles used during the NASA space shuttle program, protects offshore oil platforms from fires that can cause the platforms to buckle.
The protective jacketing- insulation system can withstand temperatures of 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit, shielding and allowing Firefighters to have reliable life support during dangerous and heated rescues.
This is only a small portion of all the great inventions from the research and career in the conquest of space and beyond, that are in use, for covering all safety and security needs of earth… But that’s not all, soon another list of the wide variety of products that we enjoy as a result of the investigations of the great scientists from NASA.Rosana Sandoval-G.
Journalist & Mass Media Consultant
SOMOS UNO – ONLY ONE S.U.O.1
INTERNATIONAL BILINGUAL NEWS WIRE.
facebook: Rosana Sandoval-Gallardo Muenchau.